A foot callus is formed when thick, hardened skin accumulates over areas of continual friction or pressure usually on the sides and soles of the feet.
There are times when internal or external factors disrupt the equal distribution of body weight on your feet. Areas of the foot that are not used to that kind of repeated pressure tend to harden or thicken as a defensive measure. Incorrect footwear is also a common cause of calluses on the soles of the feet and sides of the big toe.
Cracked skin results from tiny splits that occur in dry, damaged skin. If left untreated, these tears can grow into deeper cracks, also known as fissures.1 Heels carry the weight of your body whenever you're upright, so when they lack moisture and dry skin builds up, cracked heels can develop.
Damp environments, sweat, everyday habits and foot diseases can all cause foot odour. To resolve this embarrassing condition, everyday care must be carried out accordingly. To prevent odour from happening, we must tackle from the aspects of personal hygiene, health, and anti-bacterial efforts.
Lifting and discoloured toenails are frequently a result of a common fungal infection. The yellow discolouration of the toenail can be very unsightly, causing a dramatic visual change to the nail. The toenail may be painful and appear darkened and thick with deep ridges. The toenail may also be brittle and can separate from the toenail bed.
Toenail fungus feeds off the nail tissues, burrowing into the skin under the nail. Over time the nail thickens and may lift off the nail bed as fungal debris accumulates.
Visible signs of a fungal nail infection include:
– Scaling under the nail.
– White or yellow streaks on the nail.
– Crumbling corner or tip of the nail.
– Flaking white areas on the nail’s surface, which may include pits in the nail.
– The appearance of yellow spots at the bottom of the nail.
The chemicals in nail polish can discolor the nail. Nail hardeners containing formalin, dimethylurea, or glyoxal can also cause discoloration.
Frequently, all of the skin surrounding the nail is collectively called the cuticle; however, the true cuticle is really only the thin, translucent layer of non-living skin that is firmly attached to the nail bed. This dead skin gets stuck on the nail plate and “rides” the nail as it grows. The cuticle actually serves an important function—it acts as a seal which prevents infection by blocking microorganisms from getting under the skin.
Dry, hardened skin around the toenails and dead skin growing up onto the toenail bed is unsightly at best, cuticle on the nail bed can even prevent nail polish from adhering to the nail! At worst, bad cuticles can be painful and bleed and even present a risk for people with certain medical conditions (such as diabetes).
Keeping the cuticles softened and hydrated is the remedy.